The Board of Directors of Vedanta Limited at its meeting held on April 28, 2022, declared an interim dividend of Rs. 31.5 per share, the ex-dividend date being, May 6, 2020.
SEBI has prescribed a framework to the exchanges for adjustment of corporate actions in derivative contracts at the time of the corporate action. The exchange has published everything regarding the adjustments in case of corporate actions here. Accordingly, if a company declares a dividend at and above 5% of the market value of the underlying security, it is considered as extra-ordinary dividend and the exchange will take actions in the adjustment of the futures and options contracts in the underlying security.
Since the dividend declared by Vedanta Limited is above 5% of the market value of the security, the exchange has published this circular on the adjustment of F&O contracts in Vedanta Limited on the ex-date which is May 6, 2022.
All positions in futures contracts of Vedanta Limited would be marked-to-market on the last cum-dividend date i.e. May 5, 2022, based on the daily settlement price of the respective futures contract. Subsequently, open positions will be carried forward at the daily settlement price less Rs. 31.5 (dividend amount) for the respective futures contract.
From May 6, 2022 (ex-dividend date), daily mark-to-market settlement of the futures contracts would continue as per normal procedures.
Assume you bought 1 lot (1550 quantity) of Vedanta futures on May 5, 2022, at Rs. 410 and the daily settlement price at the market close is Rs. 415, you would have made a mark-to-market profit of Rs. 5 per share. On May 6, 2022, the previous day’s position will be carried forward at Rs. 383.5 (i.e., 415 - 31.5). If the closing price on May 6th is Rs. 385, you’ll make a mark-to-market profit of Rs. 1.5 per share.
The full value of the dividend i.e. Rs. 31,5 would be deducted from all the cum-dividend strike prices on the ex-dividend date. All positions in existing strike prices will continue to exist in the corresponding new adjusted strike prices.
The strike price of Rs. 405 call option will be reduced to Rs. 373.5 on May 6, 2022, and the positions in Rs. 405 call option will continue to exist in Rs. 373.5 call option.
The lot size of the F&O contracts will not change. Also, if you hold equity shares of Vedanta Limited in your demat account as of May 9, 2022 (record date) you will be entitled to receive the dividend and will be credited directly to your primary bank account within 30 to 45 days from the record date.