The Board of Directors of Power Grid Corporation of India Limited declared a dividend of Rs. 4.75/- per share, the ex-dividend date being, August 8th, 2023.
SEBI has prescribed a framework to the exchanges for adjustment of corporate actions in derivative contracts at the time of the corporate action. The exchange has published everything regarding the adjustments in case of corporate actions here. Accordingly, if a company declares a dividend at and above 2% of the market value of the underlying security, it is considered as an extra-ordinary dividend and the exchange will take action in the adjustment of the futures and options contracts in the underlying security.
Since the dividend declared by POWERGRID is above 2% of the market value of the security, the exchange has published this circular on the adjustment of F&O contracts in POWERGRID on the ex-date: August 8th, 2023.
All positions in futures contracts of POWERGRID will be marked-to-market on the last cum-dividend date i.e. August 07, 2023, based on the daily settlement price of the respective futures contract. Subsequently, open positions will be carried forward at the daily settlement price less Rs. 4.75 (dividend amount) for the respective futures contract.
From August 08, 2023 (ex-dividend date), daily mark-to-market settlement of the futures contracts would continue as per normal procedures.
Assume you bought 1 lot (2700 quantity) of POWERGRID futures on August 07, 2023, at Rs. 250, and the daily settlement price at the market close is Rs. 255, you would have made a mark-to-market profit of Rs. 5 per share.
On August 08, 2023, the previous day’s position will be carried forward at Rs. 250.25 (i.e. 255 - 4.75). If the closing price on August 8th is Rs. 254, you’ll make a mark-to-market profit of Rs. 3.75 per share.
The full value of the dividend i.e. Rs. 4.75 will be deducted from all the cum-dividend strike prices on the ex-dividend date. All positions in existing strike prices will continue to exist in the corresponding new adjusted strike prices.
The strike price of Rs. 250 Call Option will be reduced to Rs. 245.25 on August 08, 2023, and the positions in Rs. 250 Call Option will continue to exist in Rs. 245.25 Call Option.
The lot size of the F&O contracts will not change.
Also, if you hold equity shares of POWERGRID in your Demat account as of August 08, 2023 (ex-date) you will be entitled to receive the dividend which will be credited directly to your primary bank account within 30 to 45 days from the record date.