How do stock exchanges make Money?


By charging exchange transaction charges.

For example NSE charges 0.00325% for equity trading, 0.0019% for futures, and 0.051% of premium for option trading as transaction charges, for all the trading that happens on the exchange.

NSE made over Rs 1000 crores in profits the last year, and are among the most profitable busiensses in India in terms of profit to number of employees.

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