Introduction of Natural Gas futures contracts on NSE Commodity exchange

NSE is introducing trading in cash settled Natural Gas Futures contracts with a contract size of 1250 mmBtu from 15th May 2023 onwards in its Commodities segment. You can check the announcement from the exchange here

About Natural Gas:

  • The Henry Hub Natural Gas, named after the natural gas pipeline located in Louisiana,USA, which serves as a benchmark for natural gas pricing in the United States and around the world. It is the delivery point for natural gas futures contracts traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX). It is one of the most traded natural gas futures contracts in the world due to its price transparency and higher liquidity.

  • Natural Gas is found in deep underground rock formations or associated with other hydrocarbon reservoirs in coal beds and as methane clathrates and is used mainly in the industrial, commercial, transportation, and household sectors. Natural gas is an essential energy source, and its demand is continuously increasing globally.

  • Natural Gas in India has strong linkages to the Global Natural Gas prices as India’s Consumption growth has been satisfied through liquified natural gas (LNG) imports whose share in the country’s natural gas consumption is approx. 50%.

Factors affecting market fundamentals

  • International gas inventories
  • Economic factors: recession, inflation, crisis
  • Speculation, Hedging & investment
  • Geopolitical actions
  • Weather conditions
  • Industrial & residential demand

Contract Specifications

Product Parameters Details
Underlying Natural Gas
Instrument Type Futures Contract (FUTENR)
Product Natural Gas Futures
Contract Listing 15th May, 2023
Contract Start Day As per contract launch calendar
Last Trading Day (Contract Expiry) As per contract launch calendar
Trading Period Monday to Friday
Trading Session Monday - Friday: 9:00 am to 11:30 PM/11:55 PM (based on US daylight saving time)
Trading Unit 1250 mmBtu
Max. Order Size 60,000 mmBtu
Tick Size (Minimum Price Movement) Rs. 0.10 (10 Paise) per mmBtu
Profit/Loss per tick Rs. 125
Daily Price Limits The base price limit shall be 6%. In case the daily price limit of 6% is breached, then after a cooling off period of 15 minutes, the daily price limit will be relaxed upto 9%. In case price movement in international markets is more than the maximum daily price limit (currently 9%), the same may be further relaxed in stages of 3% beyond the maximum permitted limit, and informed to the Regulator immediately
Initial Margin Minimum margin based on volatility category or based on SPAN whichever is higher.
Extreme Loss Margin 1%
Additional and/ or
Special Margin
In case of additional volatility, an additional margin (on both buy & sale position) and/ or special margin (on either buy or sale position) at such percentage, as deemed fit; will be imposed in respect of all outstanding positions.
Maximum Allowable
Open Position
For a member collectively for all clients: 6,00,00,000 mmBtu or 20% of the market wide open position, whichever is higher. For individual clients: 60,00,000 mmBtu or 5% of the market wide open position, whichever is higher.
Quality Specification Natural Gas meeting the specifications set forth in the FERC approved tariff of Sabine Pipe Line Company.
Due Date Rate
(Final Settlement Price)
Due date rate (FSP) will be the settlement price in Indian Rupees. For example, on the day of expiry, if NYMEX Natural Gas (NG) front month contract settlement price is $6.935 per mmBtu and the last available RBI USDINR reference rate is 82.7150, then DDR for NSE Natural Gas contract would be Rs. 573.60 per mmBtu (i.e. $6.935 * 82.7150 and rounded off to the nearest tick.)
Settlement Mechanism Cash settled

Contract launch Calendar

Contract Month Contract launch date Contract expiry date
June 2023 15th May,2023 27th June,2023
July 2023 15th May,2023 26th July, 2023
August 2023 26th May,2023 28th August,2023
September 2023 28th June,2023 26th September,2023
October 2023 27th July,2023 26th October, 2023
November 2023 29th August,2023 27th November, 2023
December 2023 27th September,2023 26th December, 2023
January 2024 October,2023 January,2024
February 2024 November,2023 February,2024
March 2024 December,2023 March,2024
April 2024 January,2024 April,2024
May 2024 February,2024 May,2024
June 2024 March,2024 June,2024


  • Dates of launch and expiry for 2024 contracts will be announced later by NYMEX
  • NSE’s Natural Gas futures contracts will not be available currently for trading on Kite. We’re working on making it available and will keep you posted.