Nifty 500 - An index that converts most of the Indian Stock Market

When it comes to investing in the Indian stock market, one thing is certain: the sheer number of options can be overwhelming. With thousands of companies listed on the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), it can be challenging for investors to narrow down their choices. This is where the Nifty 500 index comes into play. Created by the NSE, the Nifty 500 is an index that represents the performance of the top 500 companies in the Indian stock market. Let’s explore what makes the Nifty 500 so significant and how investors can benefit from it.

Understanding the Nifty 500 Index

The Nifty 500 index is a market capitalization-weighted index that captures the performance of 500 major companies listed on the NSE. These companies come from various sectors and industries, ranging from banking and finance to healthcare and technology. The index is designed to be a comprehensive representation of the Indian stock market, covering approximately 96% of the total market capitalization of all listed companies.

To be included in the Nifty 500 index, companies have to meet certain eligibility criteria, such as liquidity, market capitalization, and trading frequency. The index is reviewed semi-annually to ensure that it remains updated and relevant in the ever-evolving market.

The Significance of the Nifty 500 Index

The Nifty 500 index holds immense significance for both institutional and retail investors. Here are a few reasons why this index is considered unique in the Indian stock market:

1. Diversification:

As the Nifty 500 includes 500 companies from different sectors, investing in this index provides diversification across industries. This diversification helps reduce the risk associated with investing in a single company or sector, as any negative impact on one company is offset by the performance of others. To say it another way, it provides a holistic diversification from both stock and sectoral point of view.

2. Representative of the Market:

The Nifty 500 index is designed to be representative of the Indian stock market as a whole. The performance of this index is a combination of its component indices like Nifty 50, Nifty smallcap 250, Nifty Next 50, etc. By investing in this index, investors gain exposure to a wide range of companies, reflecting the overall sentiment and performance of the market.

3. Investible Benchmark:

The Nifty 500 is widely considered an investible benchmark, against which the performance of mutual funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and other investment vehicles is measured. Fund managers and investors often compare their returns with the performance of the Nifty 500 to assess the effectiveness of their investment strategies.

4. Flexibility:

Being a widely followed index, the Nifty 500 allows investors to implement various investment strategies. Investors can choose to invest directly in the index through index funds or ETFs, or they can use the index as a reference for creating their own portfolio of stocks.

Why invest in the Nifty 500 Index Fund

For investors looking to invest in the Nifty 500 index, they can check out the Motilal Oswal Nifty 500 index fund. This fund is designed to replicate the performance of the Nifty 500 by investing in the same companies and in the same proportion as they exist in the index. Not just that, this fund has one of the lowest tracking errors amongst other index funds and has given a consistent CAGR of 20% since inception. Here’s why the Nifty 500 index fund is gaining popularity among investors:

1. Efficient Diversification:

By investing in a Nifty 500 index fund, investors can easily achieve diversification across 500 companies with a single investment. This eliminates the need for investors to research and analyse individual companies, saving time and effort.

2. Cost-Effective:

Nifty 500 index funds are known for their relatively lower expense ratios compared to actively managed mutual funds. This makes them an attractive option for investors seeking a cost-effective way to gain exposure to a diversified portfolio of stocks.

3. Performance Tracking:

Investing in a Nifty 500 index fund enables investors to track the performance of the Nifty 500 index itself. As the fund’s performance closely mirrors that of the underlying index, investors can easily assess how their investments are performing compared to the overall market.

4. No Stock Picking:

For investors who prefer to avoid the complexities associated with stock selection, a Nifty 500 index fund is an ideal choice. The fund automatically invests in all the stocks that make up the index without any active stock picking or timing involved.

Historical Performance of the Nifty 500 Index

The Nifty 500 is a combination of its component indices - Nifty 50 Index, Nifty Next 50 Index, Nifty Midcap 150 Index, and Nifty Smallcap 250 Index. The performance of the Nifty 500 index also depends on the performance of it’s component indices. Also, the Nifty 500 Index noted least volatility over other indices over a long term.

The Nifty 500 Index has outperformed large cap stocks during the overall bull market. At the same time, it has also helped reduce the losses as compared to midcap and Smallcap stocks during bear markets. It is hence, safe to say that the Nifty 500 index is an all-weather investment.


In a market as vast and diverse as the Indian stock market, Motilal Oswal Nifty 500 index fund stands out as a powerful investment avenue for investors. It provides broad-based exposure to the Indian stock market, diversification across sectors and companies, and cost-effective investment options. It is hence safe to say that the Nifty 500 and its associated index fund have truly revolutionised the way investors approach the market. Whether you are a seasoned investor or a newcomer looking to dip your toes into the Indian stock market, considering the Nifty 500 index and index fund could be a wise decision.

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