Whats the difference between Equity trading & options Trading?

Any special advantages for Options over equity trade? and Disadvantages of Options?


Equity is an asset class. When you buy an Equity share, you are buying a stake in the company.

Options & Futures are derivative contracts whose values are derived from the values of the stocks. These are contracts which have specific expiry dates post which they cease to exist.

Trading in F&O has its own advantages & disadvantages. Few of them are:


  • Leveraged product allowing you to make a higher % of return
  • Allows you to short sell & hold
  • Higher Risk - Return ratio
  • More Strategic Alternatives
  • Lower capital requirement (buying options)


  • Leverage if not used right can wipe off your capital in no time
  • No corporate action benefits like Rights, Bonus, Dividends
  • Not available for all contracts
  • Effect of time decay

I suggest you gain sufficient knowledge before you venture into F&O trading.



If you want to buy 2000 shares of TCS, you need to spend atleast 2000 x 2400 = 48 lakhs rupees.

After investing 48 lakhs rupees say in a months time, TCS price is 2700, you earn a profit of 300x2000= 6 lakhs rupees (upon sale of those 2000 shares)


If you buy 2000 shares of TCS (At the money, option say strike price 2400, premium is 70 rs per share), you need to spend 2000x70 = 1,40,000 rupees.

After investing 1.4 lakhs, say in a months time TCS price is 2700, your option premium will be close to 300+. (Deep in the money), You will get 300x2000= 6 lakhs upon sale of those 2000 shares (16 option contracts).

All these explanation are hypothetical, to explain how Options are leveraged contracts. Now you decide!


To simply put, if TCS share price stays below 2400, for the whole month and during expiry, (you have got time only until expiry, that is the limitation with options), your 1.4 lakhs will be a loss. :(

This is not the case with Equity, if TCS price is 2400, the values of those 2000 shares remain at 48 lakhs even at the end of the month.

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Hey Ravi
Check out some useful resources below.
Happy Trading

How you get profit when price decrease from 2400 to 1700 ?

That’s a typo dude, it should be 2700, corrected it now! Thanks for pointing it!

Pretty useful…

HI For learning Options Trading and you can refer zerodha Varsity Option Module.
and for videos you can check